Bald Head Island’s diverse ecosystems include coastal barrier beaches, dunes, forested uplands, wetlands, salt marsh and grasslands. Interspersed among these habitats are state parks with hiking trails and picnic areas.
Learn more about the ongoing conservation efforts and projects below.
The most distinguishing characteristic of Bald Head Island among North Carolina barrier islands is our vibrant maritime forest.
Creeks & Salt Marsh Health
Creeks and Salt marshes provide numerous ecosystem services such as water filtration, flood, and stormwater buffering capacity, fish nursery habitat, and a plethora of recreational activities.
The objective of the Freshwater Aquifer Study is to examine how Bald Head Island’s aquifer responds to changes in island water usage and environmental conditions (e.g., drought, storm events, outside contaminant inputs) by analyzing the volume and water quality of the island’s finite subterranean water supply.
Staff and interns undertake an extensive Beach Vitex survey covering the whole dune ecosystem on the island from the beachfront to the primary dune ridge, including private property. We also periodically conduct aerial surveys using UAVs (drones). Treatment, carried out in the fall-winter, involves applying the herbicide Imazapyr to individual plants.
Bald Head Island possesses diverse, healthy habitats that are home to an abundance of wildlife species. The ecological balance of species is delicate, with tight interdependent relationships between predator and prey populations.
P.O. Box 3109, 700 Federal Rd. Bald Head Island, North Carolina 28461